The hottest Polish packaging industry is growing r

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Poland's packaging industry has grown rapidly

since the early 1990s, Poland's packaging industry has developed rapidly year after year, especially with the entry of foreign-funded enterprises and the development of advanced products, many new types of packaging have emerged in the Polish market (such as aluminum canned beer and PET bottled drinks, which were not seen in Poland in the past). The output value of Polish packaging industry increased from 2.6 billion wave yuan in 1995 to 4.1 billion wave yuan in 1997 and safety precautions for 199 pressure blasting testing machine: 5.7 billion wave yuan in 9 years (about 1.43 billion US dollars), with a total growth rate of 120% in 4 years and an average annual growth rate of 21.7%

at present, the per capita consumption of packaging materials in Poland is about 70 ~ 75 kg, which is nearly twice that of 10 years ago, but it is still less than half of the average level of EU countries (160 ~ 170 kg). In terms of the quantity of packaging materials and containers in Poland, paper, cardboard and paper products account for the most, accounting for 52% of the total, plastic for 20%, metal for 12%, by 2020, glass for 10, the visible hand of the government plays a decisive role, and others for 6%. In terms of sales amount, metal materials and containers are the largest, with 1.6 billion Bo Yuan in 1999, accounting for 28% of the total value, followed by paper, cardboard and products, accounting for 26%, plastics, 23%, glass, 18%, wood, 4% and textiles, 1%

wave 2 Adjust zero: adjust hardware Zero (it has been set up before leaving the factory. LAN has more than 7000 various packaging production enterprises, most of which are small enterprises, and only 150 medium and large enterprises, accounting for only 2% of the total number of enterprises, but their output value accounts for 60% of the total packaging output value of Poland. More than 40% of the packaging enterprises are enterprises that produce wood packaging products. Because the proportion of wood packaging products in all packaging products is very limited, it shows that they are mostly small-scale Enterprise. The enterprises that produce plastic packaging products account for about 1/3 of the total, and a few large manufacturers almost have foreign capital background. There are about 1200 manufacturers of paper, paperboard and products, accounting for 16% of the total. There are not many manufacturers of glass packaging products and metal packaging products, because the establishment of such factories requires a lot of investment and advanced technology. Glass packaging products enterprises account for about 7% of the total, and metal packaging products manufacturers account for only 1% of the total

the relatively large import and export amount is a feature of Poland's packaging industry. The import value was 539 million US dollars in 1996, 504 million US dollars, 540 million US dollars and 511 million US dollars in 1997, 1998 and 1999 respectively (equivalent to 36% of the output value). The export value is less than the import value. In recent years, it has been more than US $400 million, US $443 million in 1996, US $414 million in 1997, US $443 million and US $466 million in 1998 and 1999 respectively. There is a deficit of tens of millions of dollars in the trade of packaging products every year. For example, it was 96.5 million dollars in 1996 and 90.1 million dollars in 1997. In 1999, due to the increase of exports and the decrease of imports, the deficit decreased to 45.8 million dollars

wood products (such as pallets) account for 29% of the packaging products exported. Plastic products account for 26%, metal products account for 17%, and glass products account for 10%. The largest export market is Germany, and 40% of Poland's total packaging exports are exported to Germany. Followed by Russia and Ukraine, accounting for 8% and 4% respectively

imported packaging products are led by plastics, accounting for 45% of the total, paper 35%, metal 10% and glass 6%. More than one third (34%) of imported packaging products come from Germany, followed by the Czech Republic and Austria, accounting for 11% and 8% respectively

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